Samuel Adams was born to Samuel Adams Sr. and Mary (Fifield) Smith in Boston, Massachusetts on September 27, 1722. Samuel Jr. is second cousin to John Adams. Samuel was one of twelve children born to the Adams. His mother Mary was very religious and the family attended the Old South Congregational Church in. Samuel Jr. and his family lived on Purchase St in Boston. Samuel Sr. owned a Barley House. Born: September 27, 1722 Died: October 2, 1803, at the age of 81 years Old Samuel Adams went to the Boston Latin School then on to Harvard University where he graduated in 1740. He then continued at Harvard University for his Master’s Degree, which he received in 1743. Samuel decided not to become a lawyer, and his parents wanted him to become a Minister, but he went to work for The” Thomas Cushing Counting House”. It now would be called “The Accounting Firm”. Failing at that, Samuel went to work at his father’s Barley House. A facility that gets grain and soaks it in water allowing it to grow then converts it to malt for beer and other malt beverages. Samuel’s father died in 1748 at an early age, leaving Samuel to run the family’s Estate and affairs. He didn’t manage the family finances very well and the Malt House or Brewery didn’t do well either. It was during this time, he discovered his true love was politics. Samuel Adams became fearful of the British Governments ill motives, which formed the bases for Samuel to become motivated to the Rebel cause. Fearing the British rule exercising power over the Colonist in arbitrary and destructive ways, Samuel also feared the British officials would come in and seize his family’s estate and holdings at will. In 1748 Samuel, along with friends, purchased “The Independent Adviser”, a weekly newspaper, that printed many essays against the British Crown for their act of pressing citizens into the British Navy “The act of Pressing or Shanghai is the beating or cohesion of citizen’s and kidnapping them against their will and taking them to a British ship and pressing them into the Kings Service for an unspecified length of time”. The largest pressing came in 1757 in New York City in which over 800 citizens were pressed into service of the King. Samuel and his friends, through their newspaper, urged his countrymen to rise up and boycott English imports and demonstrations against “Taxation without Representation”. Samuel Adams was against violence and did not support the demonstration that caused the “Boston Massacre in 1770”. In 1749 Samuel Adams married Elisabeth Checkley and together they had 6 children. Only 2 children lived to adulthood, they were Samuel &...
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